According to historical informations Çaykara was a haunt point from Hittites to other nations. Çaykara was domineered by Pechenegs and Byzantine communities. When Trabzon was conqured by Fatih Sultan Mehmet Çaykara became a part of Ottoman Empire.
In 1915 World War I Çaykara was occupied by Russians. 27 km south of the district there is a martyrdom in Sultanmurat Plateau called “Şehitler Tepesi”. It is an immortal memorial for war soldiers.